Treatment and support

Providing easy-to-access treatment and support options for people who are using opioids is an important way to reduce the demand for these substances, and to reduce the harms related to them [26890].

There are different types of treatment options for people wanting to reduce or stop using opioids. Detoxification and withdrawal management can be provided while people are still living in the community [23509]. Residential rehabilitation programs are for people who have been dependent for a long time and have major life problems because of their drug use. For people using opioids but are not dependent, counselling and support groups can help support people to reduce their use, seek help, and ‘stay clean’ [23509].

Other treatments include opioid substitution therapy (OST) and pharmacotherapies. OST is the main treatment for opioid dependence in Australia [23509]. Main types of OST are methadone and buprenorphine. Pharmacotherapies include buprenorphine which help people withdraw from heroin and methadone [26504]. To find out more see our section on Pharmacotherapies.

References

Key resources

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Artwork

Mina Mina Jukurrpa (Mina Mina Dreaming) by Sabrina Napangardi Granites

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices and names of people who have passed away.
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